Much interest has been focused on nutritional treatment of sarcopenia, loss of muscle mass and performance associated to aging; however, its benefits are unclear.
To analyze the relevance of nutritional treatment of sarcopenia and assess the effects of supplementation on muscle mass and function within the aged population.
Nutritional supplementation is effective in the treatment of sarcopenia in old age, and its positive effects increase when associated with physical exercise. The main limitation of this treatment is lack of long-term adherence. A healthy diet associated with a physically active lifestyle and possibly with aerobic exercise are the basis of healthy aging, which is the aim of all doctors treating aged people must seek.
Sarcopenia is a progressive, insidious process characterized by 3–8% reduction in lean muscle mass per decade after the age of 30 years. It is thought to affect 30% of individuals over 60 years of age and more than 50% of those over 80 years . Research continues to focus on the mechanisms contributing to sarcopenia. This has included studies focusing on protein metabolism and cell signaling, voluntary or imposed reductions in physical activity, protein energy malnutrition and reduced anabolic efficiency to protein ingestion [2–4,5•]. Although protein synthesis and ultimately skeletal muscle mass are regulated by a host of factors, the fundamental prerequisite for muscle protein synthesis is dietary derived amino acids. The purpose of this review is to highlight recent research examining the role of protein in the prevention or management of sarcopenia and provide recommendations on the amount of protein needed with each meal to preserve skeletal muscle mass in ageing.Read More